The web is full of recent DLL Hijacking Exploit after HDMoore and other security researchers have reported about numerous Windows applications suffering from these flaws. Here I have decided to put together simple version with all the relevant links at one place so that one gets the complete picture.
What is DLL Hijacking Vulnerability ?
In simple words, DLL Hijacking is the vulnerability which can be used to make any vulnerable Windows application to load malicious DLL by exploiting its DLL search order mechanism there by taking complete control over the system. Attacker can trick the user to open the documents/video/movies from the remote share where user can place malicious version of legitimate DLL. So when user launches the application to view such remote content, application will load these malicious DLLs instead of original DLL.
This issue is not new and has been there since the early days of Windows, but it has gained more limelight while researchers discover more number of applications vulnerable to it though various mechanisms. Though Microsoft has documented about these implications in the MSDN, there are many vulnerable applications around.
How it Works ?
Here is the very good video demonstration created by Offensive-Security which explains how one can easily lure victims to fall for this exploit using Metasploit.
What is the Workaround/Solution ?
Microsoft has released an Security Advisory citing this problem and mentioning about these mitigations
- Disable loading of libraries from WebDAV and remote network shares
- Disable the WebClient service
- Block TCP ports 139 and 445 at the firewall
Microsoft has also introduced new registry key CWDIllegalInDllSearch to safeguard individual or All applications from this vulnerability. Below is the link to KB article
What Developers Can do to Safeguard their Applications ?
Microsoft has outlined several security measures for Developers to prevent this remote DLL loading vulnerability. Here is the article which explains everything about DLL Security mechanisms,
How can I play with this DLL-Hijacking Vulnerability ?
Metasploit has already released ‘webdav_dll_hijacker’ exploit to pen test against this DLL Hijacking vulnerability which can be further used to understand and demonstrate this vulnerability. Here is the blog article from Metasploit which explains the entire exploitation process,
Even you can refer to above video presentation to understand how it works before you play with it.